Monday, May 25, 2020

The Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay

In William Shakespeare’s, The Tragedy of Hamlet, each character stands out in unique ways. Madness is one of the crucial themes as Shakespeare depicts the chaotic turbulence in the Hamlet family and the court of Denmark. Though she is generally read as a minor character, Ophelia’s madness reveals the struggle of the female character that attempts to have a voice of her own. Ophelia’s life certainly seems tragic based on Aristotle s definition of tragedy, which says that â€Å"A tragedy is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; inappropriate and pleasurable language;...in a dramatic rather than narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish a catharsis of these emotions (1).† Throughout the play, Ophelia’s character demonstrates a three-phased change from a timid daughter who lacks the will of her own, to a temptress on a mission who suddenly reveals the bawdy part of her nature, and finally to the mad woman who liberally expresses her oppressed feelings and sorrow with lyrics and songs. As a woman in a male-dominated society, Ophelia is subject to a life of obedience and is not allowed to express herself or true feelings. For the male characters in the play, such as Hamlet, Polonius, and even Claudius – Ophelia is merely a tool to be exploited and manipulated. David Leverenz concludes Ophelia’s dramatic function in the play to be,â€Å" everyone has used her: Polonius, to gain favor; Laertes, toShow MoreRelatedThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1427 Words   |  6 PagesWhy has Hamlet’s rage led him to a death that was destined to happen? Simple, his absolute motive was to seek revenge for the death of his father, who was once the King of Denmark. In this tragedy, Hamlet wanted to put on this image of an insane man. This would mislead the people around him from his intentions of killing King Claudius, who is strangely his uncle and â€Å"father† simultaneously. Claudius takes the throne for Denmark after pouring poison down Kin g Hamlet’s ear without leaving any evidenceRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1483 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet is a misfortunate play that exhibits Prince Hamlet’s internal and external conflicts which show the ultimate purpose of the story. Revenge is perhaps the greatest theme in Hamlet, and is shown by the conflicts Prince Hamlet has with his family, friends, and a girlfriend as well as within his self. The anguish Hamlet feels towards his new father and his mother is magnified by the discovery that they were both involved in his father, the king’s, murder. ThisRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1131 Words   |  5 PagesTragedy, according to American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, is a drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope w ith unfavorable circumstances. In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, tragedy is no short supply. Shakespeare takes the reader on a journey of epic proportions through the struggles and conflicts, internal andRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1543 Words   |  7 Pagesplay, The Tragedy of Hamlet, seems to have a domino effect. As Hamlet tries to get his revenge, he brings ruin upon the kingdom. Hamlet is self-doubtful; he doubts himself to a point where he does not know what is true in his life. He constantly contradicts himself, causing many people, whose death was unintended, to die. In Williams Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, in order to portray Hamlet’s tragedy, Shakespeare uses soliloquies, metaphors, symbolism, and anti-thesis. Shakespeare utilizesRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay822 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1604, William Shakespeare finished one of the most famous plays of revenge in English history. This play has left a plethora of questions, most left unanswered even after the hundreds of scholars who have analyzed it. The complexity and multiple facades of the characters, the use of many themes, and the symbols in this play have been construed into a delicate tale; Shakespeare purposely left out many details in order to shroud this piece in mystery. In The Tragedy of Hamlet, Shakespeare s vagueRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare2594 Words   |  11 PagesJulian A tragedy is a dramatic work that is about a character whose tragic flaw leads to his downfall and to the demise of many of the other characters. William Shakespeare was a playwright during the Elizabethan Era who was made famous for his literary works of tragedies, comedies and sonnets. One of Shakespeare?s most renowned tragedies is Hamlet. In this classic tragedy the protagonist, Hamlet, pursues revenge and seeks justice against the antagonist, Claudius, for the murder of King Hamlet. As aRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1146 Words   |  5 Pages How certain can one be that they will see tomorrow? How certain can one be that they will see the next second? In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, all of the characters face uncertainty at some point in the story. The character of Hamlet is, for lack of a better term, a laggard; he procrastinates like no other, making him an uncertain character in his entirety. His most famous line is â€Å"To be , or not to be? That is the question.† The entire scene is about Hamlet’s uncertainty about suicideRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay1829 Words   |  8 PagesThe tragedy of Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare is one of the best tragedies ever written. The term hamartia, coined by the philosopher Aristotle in his writing Poetics, can be defined as â€Å"tragic flow,† to miss the mark â€Å"leading to a mistake† (American Heritage Dictionary). Aristotle points out that: tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity as well as the tragic hero must not be an utter villain or a perfect man, but he must be, then: theRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1931 Words   |  8 Pages William Shakespeare is an English Poet known for his famous dramatized writings. Shakespeare was born in the United Kingdom in April. Here are some of his legendary texts: â€Å"Macbeth†, â€Å"Julius Caesar†, and â€Å"Hamlet†. â€Å"The Tragedy of Hamlet† was written during the sixteenth century and was performed in 1609. Shakespeare writes this tragedy to reveal the roles of women during the Middle Ages. Back then females were referred as noblewomen and were expected to do the following: run households, take careRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1142 Words   |  5 PagesThe tragedy of Hamlet was an inordinately fascinating play with many profoundly intriguing characters that did a great many heroic and disappointing things despite the intricacy and arduousness to understand the true personality William Shakespeare intended for each. At the beginning of the play, as Hamlet has decided to pretend madness, he pretends he does not love Ophelia anymore, he even rejects her and insults her (Act 3, scene 1). This, of course, means that he has been in love with her before The Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay In 1604, William Shakespeare finished one of the most famous plays of revenge in English history. This play has left a plethora of questions, most left unanswered even after the hundreds of scholars who have analyzed it. The complexity and multiple facades of the characters, the use of many themes, and the symbols in this play have been construed into a delicate tale; Shakespeare purposely left out many details in order to shroud this piece in mystery. In The Tragedy of Hamlet, Shakespeare s vague developing characters create such an impossibility of certainty that readers are often left with a plethora of unanswered questions in the end: Can the ghost be trusted? Was Claudius truly guilty? What were Gertrude’s motives? Uncertainty begins as soon as Hamlet’s character appears. From the beginning of this tragedy, the reader experiences the prince’s turmoil as he is faced with the loss of his father and the hasty remarriage of his mother to his own uncle, Claudius. A university student whose studies were interrupted due to the tragic death of his father, Hamlet is far more philosophical and introspective than the others. The soliloquies and actions of Hamlet are strewn with ambiguity about his character, leaving a perplexing and character schema surrounding the prince: There always seems to be much more to him than meets the eye. When the kings supposed ghost appears, the vendetta begins. At face value, the ghost of the king appears to send his son to seek revenge, but canShow MoreRelatedThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1427 Words   |  6 PagesWhy has Hamlet’s rage led him to a death that was destined to happen? Simple, his absolute motive was to seek revenge for th e death of his father, who was once the King of Denmark. In this tragedy, Hamlet wanted to put on this image of an insane man. This would mislead the people around him from his intentions of killing King Claudius, who is strangely his uncle and â€Å"father† simultaneously. Claudius takes the throne for Denmark after pouring poison down King Hamlet’s ear without leaving any evidenceRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1483 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet is a misfortunate play that exhibits Prince Hamlet’s internal and external conflicts which show the ultimate purpose of the story. Revenge is perhaps the greatest theme in Hamlet, and is shown by the conflicts Prince Hamlet has with his family, friends, and a girlfriend as well as within his self. The anguish Hamlet feels towards his new father and his mother is magnified by the discovery that they were both involved in his father, the king’s, murde r. ThisRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1131 Words   |  5 PagesTragedy, according to American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, is a drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavorable circumstances. In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, tragedy is no short supply. Shakespeare takes the reader on a journey of epic proportions through the struggles and conflicts, internal andRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1543 Words   |  7 Pagesplay, The Tragedy of Hamlet, seems to have a domino effect. As Hamlet tries to get his revenge, he brings ruin upon the kingdom. Hamlet is self-doubtful; he doubts himself to a point where he does not know what is true in his life. He constantly contradicts himself, causing many people, whose death was unintended, to die . In Williams Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, in order to portray Hamlet’s tragedy, Shakespeare uses soliloquies, metaphors, symbolism, and anti-thesis. Shakespeare utilizesRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare2594 Words   |  11 PagesJulian A tragedy is a dramatic work that is about a character whose tragic flaw leads to his downfall and to the demise of many of the other characters. William Shakespeare was a playwright during the Elizabethan Era who was made famous for his literary works of tragedies, comedies and sonnets. One of Shakespeare?s most renowned tragedies is Hamlet. In this classic tragedy the protagonist, Hamlet, pursues revenge and seeks justice against the antagonist, Claudius, for the murder of King Hamlet. As aRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1146 Words   |  5 Pages How certain can one be that they will see tomorrow? How certain can one be that they will see the next second? In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, all of the characters face uncertainty at some point in the story. The character of Hamlet is, for lack of a better term, a laggard; he procrastinates like no other, making him an uncertain character in his entirety. His most famous line is â€Å"To be , or not to be? That is the question.† The entire scene is about Hamlet’s uncertainty about suicideRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay1334 Words   |  6 PagesIn William Shakespeare’s, The Tragedy of Hamlet, each character stands out in unique ways. Madness is one of the crucial themes as Shakespeare depicts the chaotic turbulence in the Hamlet family and the court of Denmark. Though she is generally read as a minor character, Ophelia’s madness reveals the struggle of the female character that attempts to have a voice of her own. Ophelia’s life certainly seems tragic based on Aristotle s definition of tragedy, which says that â€Å"A tragedy is the imitationRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay1829 Words   |  8 PagesThe tragedy of Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare is one of the best tragedies ever written. The term hamartia, coined by the philosopher Aristotle in his writing Poetics, can be d efined as â€Å"tragic flow,† to miss the mark â€Å"leading to a mistake† (American Heritage Dictionary). Aristotle points out that: tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity as well as the tragic hero must not be an utter villain or a perfect man, but he must be, then: theRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1931 Words   |  8 Pages William Shakespeare is an English Poet known for his famous dramatized writings. Shakespeare was born in the United Kingdom in April. Here are some of his legendary texts: â€Å"Macbeth†, â€Å"Julius Caesar†, and â€Å"Hamlet†. â€Å"The Tragedy of Hamlet† was written during the sixteenth century and was performed in 1609. Shakespeare writes this tragedy to reveal the roles of women during the Middle Ages. Back then females were referred as noblewomen and were expected to do the following: run households, take careRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1142 Words   |  5 PagesThe tragedy of Hamlet was an inordinately fascinating play with many profoundly intriguing characters that did a great many heroic and disappointing things despite the intricacy and arduousness to understand the true personality William Shakespeare intended for each. At the beginning of the play, as Hamlet has decided to pretend madness, he pretends he does not love Ophelia anymore, he even rejects her and insults her (Act 3, scene 1). This, of course, means that he has been in love with her before The Tragedy of Hamlet by William Shakespeare Essay The dramatic presentation of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead adapts the formal revenge tragedy of Hamlet to a more contemporary Absurdist black comedy. Resounding with the original through its intertextual allusion, yet maintaining integrity as a separate text, the play illustrates Stoppard’s Post-modern existentialist context. This recognises that the 20th century absurdist audience no longer hold Elizabethan beliefs. Scenes are extracted from the Shakespearean Hamlet and reproduced for the contemporary context, relevant to the 1960s – described simply as: â€Å"we do onstage the things that happen off†. In this alternative world, Hamlet’s tragic hero status is marginalised, â€Å"the exterior and inward man fails to resemble†, while his†¦show more content†¦While RG continue to ponder, â€Å"We have not been picked out simply to be abandoned. We are entitled to some direction.† – The dramatic irony of the play’ s title presents the inevitable. With an absence of soliloquies, they have not the free will to be decisive or aptitude as individuals. Also, their interchangeable identities emphasise ambiguous existence, as Gertrude (â€Å"Good†¦Gentlemen†) and absurdly, neither themselves can differentiate each other â€Å"Rosen†¦Guil?† The metatheatrical stage subsequently becomes a symbolism of post-modern life, such that â€Å"events must play themselves out to an aesthetic, moral and logical conclusion†, emphasising RG’s confinement to the Hamlet script. Their sense of existence therefore becomes so weak, that Ros (†¦or was it Guil?) comes to the realisation â€Å"We may as well be dead, there is no choice involved†. Their deaths; symbolised by a mere vanishing â€Å"now you see me, now you†¦Ã¢â‚¬  represent the insignificant casualties of 20th century political intrigue. Of course once again, their deaths evoke little sympathy. In their futile search for reality, the protagonists of Hamlet and RAGAD falter in the face of deception. Hamlet demonstrates the difficulties of seeing realities behind the world of outward appearances, â€Å"God hath you one face, and you make yourself another!† – Of Claudius’ guilt, of Ophelia’s innocence, and his own state of sanity. The numerous facades result in melancholy, realising that â€Å"one can smile and smile and be a villain†. HisShow MoreRelatedThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1427 Words   |  6 PagesWhy has Hamlet’s rage led him to a death that was destined to happen? Simple, his absolute motive was to seek revenge for the death of his father, who was once the King of Denmark. In this tragedy, Hamlet wanted to put on this image of an insane man. This would mislead the people around him from his intentions of killing King Claudius, who is strangely his uncle and â€Å"father† simultaneously. Claudius take s the throne for Denmark after pouring poison down King Hamlet’s ear without leaving any evidenceRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1483 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet is a misfortunate play that exhibits Prince Hamlet’s internal and external conflicts which show the ultimate purpose of the story. Revenge is perhaps the greatest theme in Hamlet, and is shown by the conflicts Prince Hamlet has with his family, friends, and a girlfriend as well as within his self. The anguish Hamlet feels towards his new father and his mother is magnified by the discovery that they were both involved in his father, the king’s, murder. ThisRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1131 Words   |  5 PagesTragedy, according to American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, is a drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavorable circumstances. In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, tragedy is no short supply. Shakespeare takes the reader on a journey of epic proportions through the struggles and conflicts, internal andRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1543 Words   |  7 Pagesplay, The Tragedy of Hamlet, seems to have a domino effect. As Hamlet tries to get his revenge, he brings ruin upon the kingdom. Hamlet is self-doubtful; he doubts himself to a point where he does not know what is true in his life. He constantly contradicts himself, causing many people, whose death was unintended, to die. In Williams Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, in order to portray Hamlet’s tragedy, Shakespeare uses soliloquies, metaphors, symbolism, and anti-thesis. Shakespeare utilizesRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay822 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1604, William Shakespeare finished one of the most famous plays of revenge in English history. This play has left a plethora of questions, most left unanswered even after the hundreds of scholars who have analyzed it. The complexity and multiple facades of the characters, the use of many themes, and the symbols in this play have been construed into a delicate tale; Shakespeare purposely left out many details in order to shroud this piece in mystery. In The Tragedy of Hamlet, Shakespeare s vagueRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare2594 Words   |  11 PagesJulian A tragedy is a dramatic work that is about a character whose tragic flaw leads to his downfall and to the demise of many of the other characters. William Shakespeare was a playwright during the Elizabethan Era who was made famous for his literary works of tragedies, comedies and sonnets. One of Shakespeare?s most renowned tragedies is Hamlet. In this classic tragedy the protagonist, Hamlet, pursues revenge and seeks justice against the antagonist, Claudius, for the murder of King Hamlet. As aRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1146 Words   |  5 Pages How certain can one be that they will see tomorrow? How certain can one be that they will see the next second? In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, all of the characters face uncertainty at some point in the story. The character of Hamlet is, for lack of a better term, a laggard; he procrastinates like no other, making him an uncertain character in his entirety. His most famous line is â€Å"To be , or not to be? That is the question.† The entire scene is about Hamlet’s uncertainty about suicideRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay1334 Words   |  6 PagesIn William Shakespeare’s, The Tragedy of Hamlet, each character stands out in unique ways. Madness is one of the crucial themes as Shakespeare depicts the chaotic turbulence in the Hamlet family and the court of Denmark. Though she is generally read as a minor character, Ophelia’s madness reveals the struggle of the female character that attempts to have a voice of her own. Ophelia’s life certainly seems tragic based on Aristotle s definition of tragedy, which says that â€Å"A tragedy is the imitationRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay1829 Words   |  8 PagesThe tragedy of Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare is one of the best tragedies ever written. The term hamartia, coined by the philosopher Aristotle in his writing Poetics, can be d efined as â€Å"tragic flow,† to miss the mark â€Å"leading to a mistake† (American Heritage Dictionary). Aristotle points out that: tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity as well as the tragic hero must not be an utter villain or a perfect man, but he must be, then: theRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1931 Words   |  8 Pages William Shakespeare is an English Poet known for his famous dramatized writings. Shakespeare was born in the United Kingdom in April. Here are some of his legendary texts: â€Å"Macbeth†, â€Å"Julius Caesar†, and â€Å"Hamlet†. â€Å"The Tragedy of Hamlet† was written during the sixteenth century and was performed in 1609. Shakespeare writes this tragedy to reveal the roles of women during the Middle Ages. Back then females were referred as noblewomen and were expected to do the following: run households, take care

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Leaders Are Born Or Made - 1036 Words

There is a well-known and often asked question on whether leaders are born or made. While the origin of the question is unknown, the answer in response to the question are numerous. The terms leadership and management have become increasingly prevalent in today’s workplace. They are often used in place of each other and in some cases the terms leadership and management are used identically to each other. This has not always been the case. Leadership has a long history that dates as far back as biblical times. According to Bass, â€Å"it is one of the world’s oldest preoccupations† (Bass, 1990). On the other hand, management as it relates to the workplace is a relatively newer concept in that it became more visible in organizations around the time of the Industrial Revolution. It was during this time that large scale industrial plants with their high number of employees were in need of people and processes that would make their complex and disorganized org anizations operate smoothly and more efficiently (Kotter, 1990). As a result, management as it is known today became commonplace. The evolution of management since the Industrial Revolution has undergone many changes. It was the catalyst that brought about changes in the way management was perceived and administered in the workplace (Kotter, 2013). The management needs of organizations since the Industrial Revolution still require regulation, order, and consistency. Many modern day organizations often useShow MoreRelatedAre Leaders Made or Are Leaders Born?772 Words   |  4 Pagesold question. Are leaders made or are they born? My belief on this – I believe that a leader is made, not born. Why do I say that? Before going further, lets be clear on one distinction – when we say a leader is made, it does not mean that someone can be taught to become a leader by attending leadership courses. While it helps, it is not enough. Warren Bennis (a leading leadership rese archer) believes that one cannot be taught to become a leader but one can learn to become a leader over the years throughRead MoreLeaders Are Made Not Born1700 Words   |  7 Pages Leaders are made not born. If a person has the desire and willpower it can become an effective leader. Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training and experience. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Leaders carry out this process by applying their leadership attributes such as beliefs, values, ethics, character, knowledgeRead MoreAre Leaders Born Or Made?1372 Words   |  6 Pagesrespondents to answer the question ‘are leaders born or made?’ The results showed that 52.4% believed leaders are made, 19.1% felt leaders are born and 28.5% thought it was equal. The executives had differing opinions but the ‘leaders are made’ view was more popular. It also revealed that those who indicated ‘leaders are made’ believe that experience is more important than traits or training and what people learn over time is important. Those who indicated ‘leaders are born’ believe traits and experienceRead MoreLeaders Are Born Not Made1652 Words   |  7 Pages‘Leaders are born not made’. To what extent you agree or disagree with this statement? Justify your answer using leadership theories and relevant examples. Christopher King u3107827 Tutorial: Monday 0930 – Daniel Oyston Word count: â€Æ' Intro ‘The most dangerous leadership myth is that leaders are born – that there is a genetic factor to leadership. This myth asserts that people simply either have certain charismatic qualities or not. That’s nonsense; in fact, the opposite is true. Leaders are madeRead MoreAre Leaders Made Or Born?992 Words   |  4 PagesAre leaders made or born? The ever-persistent question asked when someone starts talking about leadership. To this I say we were all born, correct? Leaders and the leadership role are not inherited traits passed down through the DNA genome pool of the extraordinary powerful leaders. No, they build upon their naturally skills and abilities, and observe behaviors of great leaders before them. Believing in themselves that their best is yet to come. So the answer is neither, great leaders adapt and learnRead MoreLeaders Are Born Or Made?801 Words   |  4 PagesThe question of whether leaders are born or made, is one that has been asked just as much as which came first, the chicken or the egg. It is a question, which all of us ponder through our own journey in leadership. For most of us, becoming an effective leader is hard and daunting work. Some of us grow up wanting to be leaders, while others sort of just fall into leadership, without really realizing when or how they became leaders. For some, leadership begins at an early age, perhaps during childhoodRead MoreLeaders Are Born Or Made?1062 Words   |  5 PagesThis paper will argue whether leaders are born or made. This will be done by discussing some relevant theories of leaderships such as the trait, situational and behavioural theories. It will also discuss the differences between leadership and management. Furthermore, the Contingency theories which are related to sources of power will be address as well. New development of situational theories will also be reviewed and discuss base on their strengths and weaknesses. Also relevant literatures whichRead MoreLeaders A re Born Not Made2148 Words   |  9 PagesLEADERS ARE BORN NOT MADE There have been an age long debate, and humans since beginning of time, have tried to come up with an answer to this question – Are Leaders born or are they made?. This question has generated an age long debate, which in turn has resulted in various school of thoughts, some believe that leaders are born, while others think otherwise. My contribution to this lifelong debate will serve as a pointer to my position on this issue. I strongly believe that leaders are born andRead MoreLeaders Are Born Not Made1283 Words   |  6 PagesLEADERS ARE BORN NOT MADE To begin this essay I would prefer to give a little scenario by asking ourselves, can all managers go on to be a leader? For several years, the concern whether leaders are born or made is an issue of great controversy. From different opinions however, it could be a little bit of both hence proving that any manager can go on to be a great leader as well. Among other definitions, Maxwell (1993, p.11) has defined leadership as an ability to influence others. He also definedRead MoreLeaders , Are They Born or Made?3310 Words   |  14 Pagesdepends ultimately on the qualities of its leaders. But are leaders born successful or can they be trained? Use theories and evidences to support your discussion. 1.0 INTRODUCTION Leadership is the competency and capability to influence and motivate people towards the fulfilment of goals .Thereby, leadership within any organization, is most definitely a critical factor of organizational efficacy. Leaders also embody a vision for future, and a good leader possesses the quality to cope and evolve

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Panera Bread Swot Analysis - 1519 Words

Company’s Background The Panera Bread company was started in 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co., Inc. Established by Louis Kane, and Ron Shaich, the organization thrived along the east shore of the United States and universally all through the 1990s and turned into the predominant administrator inside the pastry shop bistro classification. Units were opened in the mall, shopping centers, and airport throughout the 1980s and 1990s. In 1993, Au Bon Pain Co., Inc. bought Saint Louis Bread Company ®, a chain of 20 pastry shop bistros situated in the St. Louis range. Near 1993 and 1997 normal unit volumes expanded by 75%. At last, the idea s name was renamed to Panera Bread in 1997 in every market outside St. Louis. By 1997, Panera Bread could end up†¦show more content†¦have higher growth rate than the company †¢ Inflation that will shot up the prices of food items. Macro environment Analysis by PESTEL Model PESTEL stands for - Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental Legal factors that can impact the macro environment of a company. PESTEL investigation gives awesome insight about working difficulties Panera Bread Company will look in common large-scale condition other than focused powers. Among the 5 factors that can affect the macro environment, I have chosen two factors. These are: - 1) Social-culture factor 2) Laws and regulations Talking about Social-culture factor, Society s way of life and method of doing things affect the way of life of an association in a situation. Some of the social factors are: - 1)Socioeconomics and expertise level of the populace 2)States of mind (wellbeing, natural awareness) 3)Level of education 4)Attitude 5)Culture 6)Age and gender role Talking about more in detail, due to increasing interest in eating healthy food, Panera bread’s menu is consistently reviewed and revised to keep the interest of regular customers, fulfilling their changing consumer preferences and adaptive to change in environment. I would consider it as an Opportunity. To be in the food industry it has made so many changes to be in the market. According to the case study, the company had developedShow MoreRelatedSwot Analysis Of Panera Bread1524 Words   |  7 PagesEXECUTIVE SUMMARY The food service industry is one of the most competitive industries with Panera Bread in the food service industry more focused on a fast causal dining. Large corporations like McDonald, Starbucks, Chipotle, and Yum! Brand all serve their own variations of food which brings strong customer loyalty as well as give more options to customer that want to try something different. Since the industry face so many substitutes capturing and retaining customers is the biggest challenge aRead MorePanera Bread: SWOT Analysis and Recommendations891 Words   |  4 PagesPanera Bread Introduction Panera Bread (NASDAQ: PNRA) is one of the most financially successful quick service restaurant (QSR) chains operating in North America today, having attained a $4.3B market capitalization value as of this writing in July, 2012. Panera is achieving a 7.6% Profit Margin and 12.36% operating margin, both of which are difficult to maintain in an industry known for very rapid product lifecycles and the need to continually invest in the customer experience (Andersson, MossbergRead MorePanera Bread Company Swot Analysis Essay1501 Words   |  7 PagesOrganization This case study identified many strengths Panera Bread has including those dating back to Au Bon Pain Company; however, this section will only identify those strengths associated with the current position of Panera Bread Company. First and foremost is customer service. The company has been awarded with two major customer service awards including the J.D. Power and Associates’ restaurant satisfaction study which ‘‘ranked Panera Bread highest among quick-service restaurants in the MidwestRead MorePanera Bread Case877 Words   |  4 PagesPanera Bread Company Case * Student: -Miguel Etchebarne Question 1 What is Panera Bread’s strategy? Which of the five generic competitive strategies discussed in Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? -Panera strategy was to make great bread broadly available to consumers across the United States. They have an attractive menu and the dinning ambience of his bakery-cafà ©sRead MorePanera Bread Is Implementing A Broad Differentiation Strategy795 Words   |  4 PagesIDENTIFICATION: Currently Panera Bread is implementing a broad differentiation strategy. Panera’s target market focuses on urban workers and suburban dwellers. Panera’s core concept is to create a unique cafà © experience, while providing high quality fresh baked goods. Panera’s long term strategy includes increasing it’s brand awareness, and to become the leader in the specialty bakery-cafà © segment. In order to achieve this goal, Panera plans to expand its locations, boost earnings per share 15%-20%Read MorePanera Bread Strategy Essay1230 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: PANERA BREAD CASE Title: Panera Bread Strategy Ron Johnson March 1, 2009 Southwestern College Professional Studies Abstract This case study is about Panera Bread Company and its strategy it wishes to employ to become the best brand name of fresh bread in the United States. Panera Bread’s use of a broad differentiation strategy has helped their profitability and growth and rivals have found it hard to compete with the competitiveness of Panera Bread. A SWOT analysis will revealRead MorePanera Bread Case Study1356 Words   |  6 PagesPanera Bread Case Study 1. SWOT Analysis Strengths Panera is a company with many strengths. Many of their strengths stem from their positive interactions with their customers. Panera’s first strength is their high level of customer loyalty and satisfaction. They ranked in the highest categories in both compared to their competitors. This is a distinctive competency that they hold, something that they do better than their rivals. Resulting from Panera’s high customer satisfaction is their nextRead MorePanera Bread Company1126 Words   |  5 Pages1. What is Panera Bread’s strategy? Which of the competitive strategies discussed in Chapter 1 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? Being a nationally recognized brand and a dominant in restaurant operations in the specialty bakery cafà © segment and to expand broadly in the regional market is Panera’s strategy. And by giving high quality product Panera is following their strategy. Panera’s CompetitiveRead MorePanara Breads Essay1319 Words   |  6 Pages| â€Å"Panera Bread Company in 2011: Pursuing growth in a difficult economy. | | Module II | | â€Å"Panera Bread Company in 2011: Pursuing growth in a difficult economy. | | Module II | MGT 495 March 30, 2013 Nate Huffman 127203 MGT 495 March 30, 2013 Nate Huffman 127203 Table of Contents What are the strategy elements of Panera Bread Company? How well do the pieces fit together? The two best indicators of how well a company’s strategy is working are whether theRead MorePanera Bread1420 Words   |  6 PagesOverview Panera Bread is ready for an epochal change in American eating habits. The company is a leader in the quick-casual restaurant business with more than 1,027 bakery-cafes in 36 states. Its locations, which operate under the Panera and Saint Louis Bread Company banners, offer made-to-order sandwiches built using a variety of artisan breads, including Asiago cheese bread, focaccia, and its classic sourdough bread. Its menu also features soups, salads, and gourmet coffees. In addition

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Principles of Management Calin Rovinescu

Question: Discuss about the Principles of Management Calin Rovinescu. Answer: Introduction The following paper discusses principles of management with reference to Calin Rovinescu who is the CEO of Air Canada. He has served the role of managing the company for the past eight years. The Manager has also worked in other positions in the company since 2000 (Aircanada.com, 2017). Calin Rovinescu managerial roles Calin Rovinescu competently handles his interpersonal and informational roles as the president and Chief Executive officer of the Air Canada. He acts has the figurehead, leader and liaison of the company. He is the symbol of authority and the figurehead in companys legal and social duties. The manager motivates, builds relationships and communicates with the employees of the company to influence performance and increase the companys returns. Calin Rovinescu also communicates on behalf of the company. He disseminates information from external or internal sources. He also acts as the spokesperson to the outsiders. Therefore it can be said that Calin Rovinescu roles in Air Canada corresponds to Minztbergs managerial roles. Calin Rovinescu functions in management Planning: The manager is involved in forecasting the future of the company. He formulates the desired results for Air Canada. The manager is involved in creating both short term and long term objectives of the company. He formulates strategic plan for meeting companys objectives. The manager communicates the mission and vision of the company to keep the employees focused in continuously improving performance. The manager ensures that the company has resources to support the plan by overseeing preparation of a budget. Organizing: The manager is involved in creating a structure in the company that enhances communication and performance of daily tasks. Calin Rovinescu brings together physical and human resources to enhance the company performance. It is through organizing the manager is able to develop a chain of command that enhances effectiveness and efficiency in the organization. Calin Rovinescu is also involved in delegating responsibilities and ensuring coordination in the tasks that are performed in the company in order to achieve goals and objectives (Canada, 2017). Leading: Calin Rovinescu is the leader of Air Canada. He is continuously involved in influencing employees in the company to achieve the predetermined goals and objectives. He supervises, motivates and communicates with all personnel in the organization to influence their performance and ensure set objectives are met. Controlling activities: Calin Rovinescu is involved in measurement of the Air Canada performance. He is involved in setting standards for the companys activities and monitoring that actual performance is in accordance to the set standards. He uses the feedback in this process to make corrections in order to ensure that companys activities meet standard (Robbins et al., 2014). Calin Rovinescu effectiveness and efficiency Calin Rovinescu has been effective in the Air Canada for the past years as the CEO of the company. He has been able to increase customer satisfaction by improvi9ng service delivery. This has been enhanced by the effectiveness of the manager to plan and meet predetermined objectives. This has also been enhanced by the ability to influence employees towards exceptional performance and good control of activities. Calin Rovinescu has been efficiently managed the Air Canada Company. Through good organization, the company has been able to increase returns. The company increased both its revenues and total assets. This shows that Calin Rovinescu has successfully succeeded in allocating minimum resources to realize high returns. Calin Rovinescu has been able to exercise good control of activities in the company that has improved returns the past years. Ways that can make Calin Rovinescu more effective and efficient Calin Rovinescu can be more efficient by applying performance appraisal management tools in controlling activities in the organization. This will ensure that performance per employees is appraised thereby increasing control in the organization. This will enable efficient allocation of resources in the company by ensuring performance is effectively controlled (Langton et al., 2014). Calin Rovinescu can increase effectiveness in the company by improving the organizational structure in terms of chain of command, communication and coordination. This can be achieved by adopting an organizational structure that has well defined chains of commands and communication channels. This will improve coordination of tasks in the company and communication leading to easier running of the company. This will improve the companys ability to meet its goals and objectives. Calin Rovinescu effectiveness analysis on delegation and empowerment of employees Calin Rovinescu has delegated several responsibilities and duties in the company. The following departments report directly to the Chief executive officer include Chief finance officer, chief operational officer, secretary, sales, passage airlines, legal and human resource of the organization. The tasks in the organization are further delegated in department to enable performance of tasks in the company. This process ensures that Calin Rovinescu delegates responsibilities in the company to allow easy coordination and communication. Calin Rovinescu has also been able to empower employees in the Air Canada. He has continuously adopted a training and development program in the company to enhance the skills of employees to meet the requirements of their jobs. He has also facilitated morale of the employees by inspiration and rewards. Employees empowerment has also been done by acquisition of talents to the companys labour pool (Robbins et al., 2017). Ethical and Social Corporate Responsibilities Contract of Classical and Social economical approach of social corporate responsibility The social economical approach view corporate social responsibility as part of business. It states that businesses should be involved in solving the societys problem. The social economic view state that business not just exist to maximize shareholders rather exist at part of society. This entails that businesses should be involved in improvement of the society they exist in. This view looks that business benefits in a broader picture and require full business participation to society matters. The responsibility of the business is therefore in the whole society and not shareholders alone. On contract, classical view of Social corporate responsibility states that businesses have a responsibility to shareholders interest only. It states that business should focus on maximizing shareholders wealth and should not be involved in activities that reduce profits like corporate social responsibility (Pike, 2013). Roles of stakeholders in four approaches of social corporate responsibilities According to four approaches of social corporate responsibility, stakeholders have several roles to ensure good relationship of the business and the society. First stakeholders have a role to ensure the company is economically responsible. This ensures that the company gains profits and successes in meeting it economical obligations (Tilt, 2016). Second, the stakeholders have a role to ensure the organization is legally responsible to the society it operates in. This enables the organization to operate within the law. Third, stakeholders have a role to ensure the organization is ethically responsible. This role ensure the company engages on what is right to its customers and environment. Lastly the stakeholders have a role of enabling the company to be philanthropically responsible. This ensures the company supports the society thereby improving the society. These roles enables an organization to create good public relation, improve public, long run profits and better environment the reby enabling sustainability of the company in the society (Jones et al., 2009). Corporate Social responsibility Corporate Social responsibility means activities in the organizations that enable organization relate to it stakeholders responsibility. It involves actions that are aimed to creating a positive operating environment to the organization. This entails organization acting responsibility to all it stakeholders in the society and bringing success to all. It also means the organization doing what it believes is right. The stakeholders of an organization are customers, employees, shareholders, environment, government and community. I think businesses should be socially responsible to the society they operate in. Businesses should not only focus at shareholders interests but rather exist in the society as a responsible citizen. When businesses are socially responsible, they lead to success of all stakeholders of the company and not one side at the expense of the other. Businesses operating socially responsible protect the environment that enables sustainability and long term returns. Corporate Social responsibility enables the organization to build a public image, meet customer expectation, sustain profitability of the company and help improve the society (Trong Tuan, 2012). Self profile: View of management Management is an organizational activity that involves aligning resources to achieve a certain goal. Management involve activities aimed that attaining objectives by use of minimum resources and obtaining maximum returns. It process of several activities that enable businesses to operate and serve their purpose of existence. Management plan, organize, staff, direct and control organizational activities to achieve gals. Planning involve a management activity that predetermine activities to be carried out within a certain period of time. Planning creates focus in the organization by formulating objectives and activities to be done. This enables the organization to serve it purpose of existence. Plan in management projects physical, financial and human resources to be required in attaining a predetermined objective. Planning also projects the time required to complete activities for a specified period. Organizing is part of management that involves arranging activities and delegating re sponsibilities. This process enables sharing of authority to manage resources in the organization. Organizing enables communication in the organization by defining who reports to whom enabling execution of activities in the organization. Organizing enable management systematically delegate duties and responsibilities in the organization enabling effectiveness and efficiency. Staffing is a management activity that deals with activities of human resource in the organization. This activity involves recruiting, promoting and promoting employees in the organization. Staffing enables the organization to acquire and maintain talents that improve productivity. Staffing is an important activity in management because it helps in acquiring skillful qualified employees. Acquiring competent human resource is the first step to achieving organizational objectives. Directing is another management activity that involves influencing employees in the organization to attain a certain goal. It involves supervision and motivation that give employees morale to meet organization expectation performance. Directing also involve providing leadership in the organization that every point to ensure activities are in accordance with the plan. Lastly, the management is involved in controlling activities in the organization. Control involves setting standards for activities and making observations of the actual performance of activities. This means that control act as a monitor to ensure actual activities are undertaken as they are planned. Management therefore is a process of joined activities that complement one another in achieving an organizational goal. Management also has a starting point and follow and process that complete it function in an organization. Management starts by creating a plan, organizing duties and responsibilities, staffing, directing and lastly control. References Aircanada.com,. (2017). Corporate Governance. Aircanada.com. Retrieved 1 April 2017, from https://www.aircanada.com/ca/en/aco/home/about/corporate-governance.html Canada, A. (2017). Org Chart Air Canada. TheOfficialBoard. Retrieved 1 April 2017, from https://www.theofficialboard.com/org-chart/air-canada Jones, B., Bowd, R., Tench, R. (2009). Corporate irresponsibility and corporate social responsibility: competing realities. Social Responsibility Journal, 5(3), 300-310. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17471110910977249 Langton, N., Robbins, S. P., Judge, T., Breward, K. (2014). Fundamentals of organizational behaviour. Toronto: Pearson. Pike, S. (2013). Destination Marketing and Management Theories and Applications. Tourism Management, 34, 247-248. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.07.005 Robbins, Stephen P., De Cenzo, David A., Coulter, Mary. (2014). Fundamentals of Management: Essential Concepts and Applications, Student Value Edition. Pearson College Div. Robbins, S. P., Coulter, M. K., DeCenzo, D. A. (2017). Fundamentals of management. Tilt, C. (2016). Corporate social responsibility research: the importance of context. International Journal Of Corporate Social Responsibility, 1(1). https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40991-016-0003-7 Trong Tuan, L. (2012). Corporate social responsibility, ethics, and corporate governance. Social Responsibility Journal, 8(4), 547-560. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17471111211272110

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Stress Essay Example

Stress Essay Stress is a word we are all familiar with, some of us maybe too familiar. There are many everyday factors that contribute to stress levels. Everyday things like work, raising children, paying the bills, and running errands are stressors that people tend to get wound up about. There are also much bigger pressures in life that people don’t have to deal with on a daily basis, things like divorce, marriage, getting fired, and death of a loved one. To deal with stress, you must first identify your own sources of anxiety. People can create their own stress by putting things off to the very last minute or not dealing with things correctly and efficiently. To identify your own sources of stress you must examine your life and habits. Many times people find things to help them deal with life that is worse than the actual stress. Numerous people smoke, drink, do drugs, and over or under eating. Many people also turn to medications. This stress management article, lists many other ways of dealing with it that are bad for you. But there are also good ways to deal with stress. A lot of people take bubble baths, read a book or have a nice, invigorating work out. In the article â€Å"How to Reduce, Prevent, and Cope with Stress† there are six strategies that help dealing with stress. The first tip is to avoid unnecessary stress. This advises you to avoid people and situations that may elevate your anxiety level. Strategy 2 Alter the Situation: This one I feel is an important one. It encourages you to deal with your feelings and to communicate effectively. Also, be willing to compromise when you do state your feelings. We will write a custom essay sample on Stress specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Stress specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Stress specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer This strategy also advises that you manage your time more effectively to avoid being anxious over deadlines and other looming priorities. Strategy 3: Instead of getting upset about things try to look at them form a more positive stand point. Also evaluate how important what you’re worrying about is. If it isn’t that important then why stress? Another good point this article makes is, don’t set yourself up for failure. This means don’t set your standards too high for yourself. Lastly learn to appreciate your life and positive things around you. Strategy 4: Learn to see things as a learning experience and be more positive about it. Talking about it also helps whether it is a professional or a good friend. Accept the fact that things aren’t always going to go your way and deal with it. Strategy 5: My favorite is take time to relax and have fun taking care of and pampering your self is a great way to relieve stress and avoid it. There are thousands of ways to relax and just enjoy life Strategy 6: Exercise is important to preventing stress as is eating healthier. This article recommends staying away from caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, and sugar. Sleep is also very important to dealing with stress everyone gets cranky when they haven’t had enough sleep. Following this advice will lead to a more productive and less stressful life. http://helpguide. org/mental/stress_management_relief_coping. htm Melinda Smith, M. A. , Ellen Jaffe-Gill, M. A. , and Robert Segal, M. A contributed to this article. Last modified on: December 2008.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Free Essays on Crime And Delinquency

The debate between nature vs. nurture in regards to crime and delinquency is a long and heated one. Are some people really born criminals, or is our society and the environment and experiences children are brought up in the reason they become delinquent? Throughout this essay I am going to look at both sides of the argument, and offer an insight into the theoretical and sociological approaches surrounding this nature vs. nurture debate. The first step in looking at the nature side of the debate would be to look at the actual genetics of criminals. This is an area that has been, and still is, widely researched, often coming up with varied results. Here I’ll look at the actual biology of genetics, and the alleged abnormal gene, present in some criminals. For example, a study in 1993 identified an X chromosome mutation (associated with mild retardation and aggressive, violent criminal behavior) concentrated in one large Dutch family. This apparent mutation causes complete deficiencies of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (maoa), which metabolises the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline. David Goldman, a geneticist at the National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, states: â€Å"men who possess this abnormal gene may typically engage in impulsive behavior, but the time, place, type, and seriousness of their crimes (which include exhibitionism, attempted rape, and arson) have been diverse and unpredictable† (Powledge, T.M., Vol 46:1, January 1996) Although there does seem to be some evidence that crime and genetics are related, the findings prove to be unpredictable. That is not to say that there have not been breakthroughs, and other areas of human biology have proved to be useful also. Adrian Rain, of the University of Southern California showed CAT scans comparing the brain activity of 42 convicted murderers, with those of 42 people with no apparent criminal traits (or convictions). The group of murderers te... Free Essays on Crime And Delinquency Free Essays on Crime And Delinquency The debate between nature vs. nurture in regards to crime and delinquency is a long and heated one. Are some people really born criminals, or is our society and the environment and experiences children are brought up in the reason they become delinquent? Throughout this essay I am going to look at both sides of the argument, and offer an insight into the theoretical and sociological approaches surrounding this nature vs. nurture debate. The first step in looking at the nature side of the debate would be to look at the actual genetics of criminals. This is an area that has been, and still is, widely researched, often coming up with varied results. Here I’ll look at the actual biology of genetics, and the alleged abnormal gene, present in some criminals. For example, a study in 1993 identified an X chromosome mutation (associated with mild retardation and aggressive, violent criminal behavior) concentrated in one large Dutch family. This apparent mutation causes complete deficiencies of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (maoa), which metabolises the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline. David Goldman, a geneticist at the National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, states: â€Å"men who possess this abnormal gene may typically engage in impulsive behavior, but the time, place, type, and seriousness of their crimes (which include exhibitionism, attempted rape, and arson) have been diverse and unpredictable† (Powledge, T.M., Vol 46:1, January 1996) Although there does seem to be some evidence that crime and genetics are related, the findings prove to be unpredictable. That is not to say that there have not been breakthroughs, and other areas of human biology have proved to be useful also. Adrian Rain, of the University of Southern California showed CAT scans comparing the brain activity of 42 convicted murderers, with those of 42 people with no apparent criminal traits (or convictions). The group of murderers te...

Friday, February 21, 2020

My life sounds like Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

My life sounds like - Essay Example The words in the song encourage me to do what I desire, and what contributes positively to the advancement of humanity. The words that insist that every second count because second chances do not exist inspire me. More to these, the song highlights about forgiving your enemies, which helps me keep from holding grudges in life, and aim at living at peace with all people. Being concerned about the well being of the less fortunate in society forms a significant part of my life. Consequently, Michael Jackson inspires me to participate, continually, in activities that promote the lives of the less fortunate. The song insists on caring for the entire human race, through such acts as giving. It also strengthens my unity values as it teaches me to look at the world as a place that should be filled with peace. Therefore, the song helps me to reach out to the needy around me, and help them live a better life. Switchfoot’s song â€Å"Dare you to move† keeps me going when I face hu rdles in my life. Whenever I experience failure, and thoughts of despair crowd my mind, the words â€Å"I dare you to lift yourself up off the floor† encourage me to keep on trying, no matter how difficult the situation may get. In my academics, for example, I am motivated to keep on working hard as the song teaches me that being strong makes a difference between where I am today, and where I could be tomorrow. The song increases my determination to face the tensions in all areas of life with an unfailing spirit.